How to grow Taxus baccata? This large, evergreen three is typically known as a hedge. Taxus baccata is a slow growing tree, typically reaching a height of 10-15m over a period of 20-40 years. It has a dense, pyramidal crown with dark green, needle-like leaves. The small yellowish-brown flowers appear in late spring, followed by the distinctive red berries (known as ‘yew berries’) in late summer.
Taxus baccata is a very tough and adaptable tree, able to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. It will grow in almost any soil type, including heavy clay soils, and is equally happy in full sun or deep shade. It is also tolerant of pollution and salt spray, making it a good choice for coastal locations.
Despite its slow growth rate, Taxus baccata can live for a very long time – some specimens are thought to be over 2000 years old. This makes it an excellent choice for long-term planting projects such as hedges and windbreaks.
A taxus baccata can be plant as a border, specimen, or screen. It can also be trained as a topiary. When growing as a hedge, plant taxus baccata 2-3ft apart (60-90cm). If left unpruned, it will eventually reach its full height of 10-15m. For a formal hedge, shear annually in late spring. For a more informal hedge, allow to grow to its natural height and then trim back lightly every 2-3 years.
Taxus baccata is a very versatile tree, and with a little care can be grown successfully in most gardens.